Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle - Perdida de peso por mudanzano

Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle

No se requiere dispositivo Kindle. Descarga una de las aplicaciones gratuitas de Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle para comenzar a leer libros de Kindle en Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle smartphone, tablet y equipo. Are you looking for a natural approach to osteoporosis treatment? Strong Bones Forever was written for those who are looking for a non-drug approach to prevent and treat osteoporosis or osteopenia. If you're looking for a way to enjoy osteoporosis protection for life, without the need to resort to potentially toxic drugs such as: Fosamax, Boniva, Reclast, and other newer and equally toxic drugs, then Strong Bones Forever is the solution. In the book you'll learn: 1. Hint: Odds are you take it right now and your doctor probably recommended it! Choose the right calcium, get strong bones. Choose the wrong calcium, lose your skeleton. What it Adelgazar 20 kilos to make major increases in your bone Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle Never be confused about the different forms of calcium ever again.

Abstract Background The aim of this study was to investigate whether body composition, dietary pattern and habitual physical activity are associated with BMD according to time since menopause in women from Southern Brazil with no clinical evidence of disease. Methods 99 participants were enrolled and anthropometry, body composition and BMD by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry, rest metabolic rate by indirect calorimetry, dietary pattern by semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire and habitual physical activity by pedometer were performed.

Results Mean age was Conclusion In this cross-sectional study with postmenopausal women with no clinical evidence of disease, time since menopause, low lean and fat mass were associated with low bone mass. Background Bone mineral density BMD declines with increasing age, and the rate of decline is more pronounced after menopause [ 1 ]. Design All participants completed a questionnaire about their sociodemographic Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle e.

Dietary assessment Usual dietary intake was assessed with a validated food frequency questionnaire consisting of items [ 15 ]. Results Of volunteers, 13 were excluded five with diabetes, one with hyperthyroidism, two with untreated hypothyroidism, two with breast cancer, one who was premenopausal and two with spinal disc prosthesis. Table 1 Characteristics of postmenopausal women Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle to time since menopause and bone mass status.

Open in a separate window. Table 2 Lumbar spine, femoral neck and total femoral bone mineral density in postmenopausal women according Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle factors. Table 3 Odds ratio for low bone mass. Conclusions In postmenopausal women from Southern Brazil, with no clinical evidence of disease, time since menopause, low lean and fat mass were associated with Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle bone mass.

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Footnotes Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Contributor Information Thaís R. References 1. Risk factors for hip fracture in white women.

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Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. N Engl J Med. J Bone Miner Res. A prospective study Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle bone loss in menopausal Australian-born women.

Osteoporos Int. Associations between body mass index, lean and fat body mass and bone mineral density in Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle Australians: The Busselton Healthy Ageing Study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. Vitamin D and vitamin D analogues for preventing fractures associated with involutional and post-menopausal osteoporosis. Cochrane Dataset Syst Rev. Use of calcium or calcium in combination with vitamin D Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle to prevent fractures and bone loss in people aged 50 years and older: a meta-analysis.

Calcium intake and hip fracture risk in men and women: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr. Nutritional associations with bone loss during the menopausal transition: evidence of a beneficial effect of calcium, alcohol, and fruit and vegetable nutrients and of a detrimental effect of fatty acids.

Association between menopause status and central adiposity measured at different cutoffs of waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio. The diagnosis of osteoporosis. Healthier dietary pattern and lower risk of metabolic syndrome in physically active postmenopausal women. J Am Coll Nutr. Center for Studies and Research in Food: Brazilian table of food composition. Dietary reference intakes for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein and amino acids.

Other foods that are fortified with vitamin D Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle a major source of the mineral, including milk and cereals. If you have trouble getting enough calcium and vitamin D in your diet, you may need to take supplements. Talk to your health care provider about the type and amount of calcium and vitamin D supplements you should take.

Your doctor may check your blood levels of vitamin D and recommend a specific amount. In addition to a healthy diet, a healthy lifestyle is important for optimizing bone health. You should:. Exercise is an important part of an osteoporosis treatment program. Research shows that the best physical activities for bone health include strength training or resistance training.

Because bone is living tissue, during childhood and adulthood, exercise can make bones stronger. However, for older adults, exercise no longer increases bone mass. Instead, regular exercise can help older adults:.

Although exercise is beneficial for people with osteoporosis, it should not put any sudden or excessive strain on your bones. If you have osteoporosis, you should avoid high-impact exercise. To help prevent injury and fractures, a physical therapist or rehabilitation medicine specialist can:. Exercise specialists, such as exercise physiologists, may also help you develop a safe and effective exercise program.

Your doctor may prescribe medications for osteoporosis. Food and Drug Administration FDA has approved the following medications for the prevention or treatment of osteoporosis:. Your health care provider will discuss the best option for you, taking into consideration your age, sex, general health, and the amount of bone you have lost.

No matter which medications you take for osteoporosis, it is still important that you get the recommended amounts of calcium and vitamin D. Also, exercising and maintaining Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle aspects of a healthy lifestyle are important. Medications can cause side effects. If you have questions about your medications, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. In addition to the treatments your doctor recommends, the following tips can help you manage and live with osteoporosis, prevent fractures, and prevent falls.

Preventing fractures is important when you have osteoporosis because fractures can cause other medical problems and take away your independence. Exercise can help prevent fractures that occur as a result of falling and improve bone strength, when your health care provider tailors a program to your individual need.

If you have osteoporosis or bone loss, it is important to talk to your doctor or physical therapist before beginning any exercise program. In addition, preventing falls helps prevent fractures. Falls increase your likelihood of fracturing a bone in the hip, wrist, spine, or other part of the skeleton. Taking steps to prevent falls both inside and outside of the house can help prevent fractures.

If you have osteoporosis, it is important to be aware of any physical changes you may experience that affect your balance or gait and to discuss these changes Dieta proteinas para ganar masa muscular your doctor Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle other health care Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle.

It is also important to have regular checkups and tell your doctor if you have had problems with falling. Falls can also be caused by factors around you that create unsafe conditions. Here are some tips to help prevent falls outdoors and when you are away from home:. Scientists at universities, medical centers, and other research institutions across the United States Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle are funded by the NIAMS and other National Institutes of Health NIH entities are pursuing a wide range of basic and clinical studies on osteoporosis.

Researchers continue to define genetic differences that underlie variation in bone formation, maintenance, and turnover. Applying the findings of genome-wide association studies to identify new molecular pathways related to bone health and disease may lead to new ways to prevent bone loss and fractures.

Scientists are studying the cells that control bone remodeling "Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle" learn more about the underlying causes of osteoporosis and to identify possible new therapeutic targets.

Over the past several years, researchers have made considerable progress in understanding connections between bone physiology and the broader network of biologic processes involving many different organs and tissues.

Scientists are working to explain the connection between the skeleton and the nervous system; other tissues such as fat, muscle, cartilage; Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle immune system; digestion and nutrition, including the role of the microbiome; and energy metabolism.

It provided comprehensive data about multiple risk factors for osteoporosis-related fractures. This study, which began inhas provided the foundation for developing ways to identify people at greatest risk for osteoporosis and fractures decades in advance, and thus has greatly aided disease prevention efforts. Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle Osteoporosis in Men study enrolled 6, men age 65 years and older, and has identified significant risk factors for osteoporosis, falls, and fractures in men.

Adelgazar 20 kilos are exploring structural and material factors that influence bone quality in hopes of gaining a better understanding of how properties of bone other than its mass or density affect bone strength.

Researchers are examining the Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle and cellular mechanisms of current osteoporosis drugs, in the hope of advancing knowledge and treatment.

In other studies, scientists are investigating novel approaches for preventing fractures associated with osteoporosis and related conditions. Basics In-Depth. However, you can take steps to help prevent the disease and fractures by: Staying physically active by participating in weight-bearing exercises such as walking.

Drinking alcohol in moderation. Taking your medications, if prescribed, which can help prevent fractures in people who have osteoporosis. Eating a nutritious diet rich in calcium and vitamin D to help maintain good bone health. Who Gets Who Gets Osteoporosis? Other factors to consider include: Osteoporosis is most common in non-Hispanic white women and Asian women. African American and Hispanic women have a lower risk of developing osteoporosis, but they are still at significant risk.

Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle men, osteoporosis is more common in non-Hispanic whites. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle elit. Integer nec odio. Praesent libero. Sed cursus ante dapibus diam. Sed nisi. Nulla quis sem at nibh elementum imperdiet. Duis sagittis ipsum. Praesent mauris. Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle nec tellus sed augue semper porta. Mauris massa. Vestibulum lacinia arcu eget nulla. Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle inceptos Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle.

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Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle

In scelerisque sem at dolor. Maecenas mattis. Sed convallis tristique sem. Osteopenia and osteoporosis. Osteopenia is defined by decreased bone mineral density between -1 and Cases where decreased bone mineral density is below 2 SD are considered osteoporosis Osteoporosis was defined in as Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue, which leads to increased bone fragility with a consequent increase in fracture risks.

This definition implies a qualitative concept of altered bone architecture and Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle quantity related to bone density Both osteoporosis and osteopenia may be primary as in aging or menopause but may also result from inadequate nutrition, and hormonal disorders or diseases of the bone. However, there are childhood diseases that may be present with osteopenia; thereby, increasing the risk of osteoporosis during adulthood. Many mechanisms could be cited for the production of osteopenia; although, these could be divided into Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle main groups.

One group includes those processes occurring with an inadequate intake of nutrients such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia, protein-calorie malnutrition, or poorly controlled diets A second group would be composed of those disorders with intestinal malabsorption boxes. Within this section, as possible symptoms of osteopenia generators we could include celiac disease, cystic fibrosis, intolerance to cow milk proteins, and inflammatory bowel disease.

Other processes potentially involved in the development of osteopenia include neuropathy and liver disease present with impaired synthesis of active vitamin Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle metabolites. Other processes involve the states of metabolic acidosis and prolonged administration of certain drugs such as anticonvulsants Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle corticosteroids Nutritional factors.

Desayuno saludable hipocaloricos nutrition is a key factor in maintaining adequate skeletal mineralization.

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In this process of bone mineralization, energy and nutrients intervene Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle various ways, either by encouraging the development of cell mitosis, participating Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle visual elements to become vitamin sources, which will involve Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle the synthesis of bone matrix and promoting the absorption level of intestinal calcium or contributing to the synthesis of various hormones and growth factors Through feeding, the body receives visual elements; vitamins intervene by regulating the synthesis of bone matrix and intestinal absorption of Dietas faciles and other minerals whose primary function is to act on the formation and consolidation of mineralized bone.

Another essential aspect of bone remodeling in Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle will be energy intake. This is essential because decreased energy intake induces delays in growth, maturation, and bone mineralization Then, in children with malnutrition, by default, https://peluqueria.labuenadieta.site/consejos18776-dieta-para-bajar-de-peso-con-sopa-de-verduras.php is necessary to control the state of bone mineralization.

The bone mineralization process will necessarily be regulated by protein intake through the diet. In this sense, in children, situations of inadequate intake may induce the emergence of problems of mineralization.

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On the contrary, when its contribution in the diet is excessive it can cause Adelgazar 40 kilos boxes; this is due to increased excretion of acid produced during protein catabolism.

At present, it is possible that the protein diet consumed in most developed countries Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle closely linked to increased osteoporosis in the population Another aspect to consider is the ratio of sodium ingested to calcium excreted by the kidney.

Sodium and calcium share the Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle carrier at the proximal renal tubule. There is yet no need to adjust the contribution of calcium to sodium intake through the diet in children Physical exercise, for its part, plays an important role in bone remodeling, especially weight-bearing exercise, i. In this sense, running would be one of the physical activities that would increase bone mass development to a greater degree.

Moreover, at present it is unknown whether the amount of calcium ingested in the diet may or may not alter the beneficial effect of exercise 24 Calcium is an essential pillar in the prevention of osteoporosis. In our body and especially in the bones, it is deposited as hydroxyapatite crystals. Its deposit varies throughout life from 30 grams at birth to about grams in adulthood Given this, it will be necessary to modulate calcium intake during periods of increased growth and, especially during adolescence.

Several studies have shown that calcium supplementation during adolescence increases bone mineral density Moreover, Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle have to take into account the bioavailability of calcium in food. The presence of phytates inhibits absorption and, therefore, vegetables, legumes, and cereals despite containing high levels of calcium are not as comparable as milk. Similarly, oxalates, alcohol, caffeine, and phosphates hinder calcium absorption even when present in the diet 27 Finally, obesity and overweight conditions in children have been associated with increased bone density; nevertheless, there is evidence linking these situations to a higher incidence of fractures Appropriate strategies to prevent osteoporosis from childhood.

To prevent osteoporosis, it is necessarily to have an assessment of bone mineralization status from early infancy, particularly in subjects at risk. In this sense, preterm infants, patients with malabsorption syndromes, and corticosteroid therapy patients constitute the population at greatest risk of poor bone mineralization 30 The bioavailability of calcium in maternal milk is far superior to commercial formulas, making it the leading source for calcium during breastfeeding.

Only in the case of infants should calcium Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle be increased to the recommended supplementary levels using commercial formulas with higher calcium contents Amazon Music Reproduce millones de canciones. Amazon Advertising Encontrar, atraer y captar clientes. Amazon Drive Almacenamiento en la nube desde Amazon.

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The aim of this study Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle to investigate whether body composition, dietary pattern and habitual physical activity are associated with Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle according to time since menopause in women from Southern Brazil with no clinical evidence of disease. Mean age was Calories, carbohydrate, protein, fat and micronutrients intake were similar between groups.

When the sample was adjusted for time since menopause, the odds ratio OR for low bone mass was 5. Low meat and eggs intake or low protein intake did not influence the odds ratio for low bone mass.

In this cross-sectional study with postmenopausal women with no clinical evidence of disease, Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle since menopause, low lean and fat mass Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle associated with low bone mass. Calories and macronutrients intake as well as habitual physical activity did not interfere with BMD, but participants perdiendo peso mostly sedentary.

Further studies are needed in order to determine whether the adequate intake of specific food groups Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle the type of physical activity could attenuate the time since menopause impact on BMD.

Bone mineral density BMD declines with increasing age, and the rate of decline is more pronounced after menopause [ 1 ]. This decline can also be attributed to a number of factors: age, genetics, nutrition, lifestyle factors, or the prolonged use of certain medication [ 3 ]. However, the contributions of lean and fat body mass to BMD, related to BMI stratusare still not completely understood in different populations [ 5 ]. Lifestyle factors, such as physical activity PA and diet may exert influence on BMD in both pre- and postmenopausal women.

PA plays a major role in minimizing bone loss as we age [ 6 ].

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In addition, adequate dietary behavior seems to also influence on bone loss in postmenopausal women. In this sense, several studies had previously underline the importance of adequate calcium and Vitamin D levels in the prevention of osteoporosis and fractures in the peri- and post-menopause [ 7 — 10 Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle. Besides that, studies have shown that diets with high content in vegetables, fruit, and whole grains may be associated with lower premenopausal Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle loss in menopausal transition and lower risk of low-trauma fracture, particularly in older women [ 1112 ].

Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether body composition, dietary pattern and habitual physical Adelgazar 50 kilos are associated with BMD according to time since menopause in women from Southern Brazil with no clinical evidence of disease.

Participants were recruited Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle advertisement in a local newspaper and radio station. Diabetic patients, patients with prior diagnosis of heart disease, and current smokers were excluded. These criteria were chosen because of the interest to study women with no clinically established systemic diseases. One hundred and nineteen postmenopausal women fulfilling all the inclusion criteria were consecutively enrolled.

The study protocol was approved by the local Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle Ethics Committee from Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, and written informed Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle was obtained from every participant. All participants completed a questionnaire about their sociodemographic characteristics e. The variable skin color was defined by auto-reference: participants were asked about their skin color and were stratified in white and no white.

Anthropometric measurements were performed in duplicate and included body weight, height, and waist circumference [ 13 ]. Two measurements were performed at a min interval, using an automatic blood pressure monitor Omron HEMRio de Janeiro, Brazil with an appropriate cuff for the arm diameter. The methods of analysis did not change during the entire study. A whole body scan was also performed by DXA to assess body composition. Usual dietary intake was assessed with Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle validated food frequency Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle consisting of items [ 15 ].

Reference values for daily dietary intake were based on national [ 17 ] and international guidelines [ 18 ]. The device was configured individually according to weight kg and individual step length. The equipment was used for six consecutive days, providing a weekly average number of steps.

Subjects were encouraged not to change their physical activity habits during the study. One hundred women were required to detect a difference of 4. A logistic regression model was used to estimate the odds ratio of different variables forlow bone mass, which was considered as the dependent variable. All analyses were performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Of volunteers, 13 were excluded five with diabetes, one with hyperthyroidism, two with untreated hypothyroidism, two with breast cancer, one who was premenopausal and two with spinal disc prosthesis.

An additional seven participants dropped out because they were unable to commit to the study no time for blood collection, DXA and indirect calorimetry. Thus, 99 women were enrolled. Participants had attended school for a mean of 8. Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle participants were on antihypertensive drugs, two women were on statins, and one was taking aspirin. The groups were similar regarding years at school, skin color, estradiol and free estradiol index.

Lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total femoral BMD were lower in both subgroups of low bone mass. In addition, as shown in Fig. Characteristics of postmenopausal women according to time since menopause and bone mass status. Calories, carbohydrate, protein, fat and micronutrients Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle were similar between groups data not presented. Vitamin A intake was greater in the groups with normal bone mass compared to groups with low bone mass, with Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle borderline significance None dietary or hormonal variables were associated with BMD data not presented.

Lumbar spine, femoral neck and total femoral bone mineral density in postmenopausal women according to factors. Therefore, when adjusted for time since menopause and previous hormone therapy the odds ratio OR for low bone mass was 5. BMI body mass index. This observation seems to support previous evidence showing that BMD is better correlated with percentage of body fat in pre- and perimenopausal than in postmenopausal women [ 22 ].

Therefore, we hypothesize that the association of adiposity and BMD was more evident in recent postmenopausal women because they had more trabecular bone than those Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle later postmenopausal life in whom trabecular bone is lost due to the high bone turnover occurring throughout the postmenopausal years.

Further studies assessing volumetric bone density and microarchitecture by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography in postmenopausal populations are needed to confirm this hypothesis. When the entire sample was analyzed, age, time since menopause, fat mass Adelgazar 15 kilos RMR were associated with BMD in all three sites.

Afterward, bone loss slows to about 1 to 1. Recker et al. In turn, a recent study suggests that time since menopause may have a stronger predictive value for low BMD in the lumbar and Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle areas than did serum FSH or estradiol levels [ 27 ]. Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle this sense, low weight or low BMI is a well-documented risk factor for future fracture [ 1 Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle.

Zhu and coworkers have recently reported in a Western Australian population that the associations of BMI with BMD measures were attenuated in those with high BMI [ Dietas rapidas ], suggesting that low body weight should be considered as a risk factor for Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle and related fracture, rather Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle obesity being a protective factor.

In the present study fat mass was associated with BMD in all sites and with reduced odds ratio for low bone mass. However, the influence of fat mass on BMD is a debatable issue and seems to be related to menopausal status [ 28 Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle.

In postmenopausal Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle, adipose tissue is the major Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle of estrogen from aromatization [ 29 ]. Therefore, it has been suggested that subcutaneous adipose tissue have higher aromatase Adelgazar 10 kilos in comparison to visceral adipose tissue, and could exert a more beneficial effect than visceral fat in bone health after menopause.

In this sense, body composition analysis by DXA does not allow to discriminate subcutaneous and visceral fat, which is a limitation of the present study. Further studies using other methodologies are needed in order to clarify this issue. Lima and coworkers showed that in older women, lean mass was significantly correlated with BMD Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle of height and fat mass [ 28 ].

Some other cross sectional studies with postmenopausal women suggests that lean mass is not an independent correlate of BMD [ 3031 ]. In turn, in pre- and peri-menopausal women lean mass has been reported to be a main predictor of BMD [ 3233 ]. The stronger association between lean mass and BMD may be attributed to differences in determinants of lean mass, such as exercise, lifestyle factors, serum estrogen concentrations or a combination of these factors [ 32 ].

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We found that participants with low bone mass have lower RMR, in line with a previous research that have also shown that a lower lean mass in postmenopausal women is associated with a lower RMR [ 36 ]. Taken together these data suggest that interventions aiming to increase lean mass, which increases RMR, could represent a simple and useful strategy to prevent osteoporosis in women, especially in recent postmenopausal women, such as physical activity PA practice.

In fact, intervention studies have reported positive effects or associations between PA, BMD and markers of bone metabolism in pre- and postmenopausal women [ 37 Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle, 38 ]. However, walking may not be enough as a stimulus to increase lean mass in postmenopausal women [ 39 ], and these women should be encouraged to participate in regular programs of moderate physical activity [ Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle ].

Indeed, in the present study, participants were mostly sedentary, as objectively estimated by a pedometer, and this could have influenced on the association between lean mass and BMD that was independent of habitual PA. In the specific context of osteoporosis prevention and management, a discussion of nutrition appropriately focuses on vitamin D, and protein in addition to calcium.

Interestingly, we did not find any association between calories intake and BMD, probably Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle our participants were in early postmenopausal. In turn, when micronutrients Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle was analyzed, only vitamin A appears to be less consumed among women with lower bone mass.

Considering all sample, vitamin A intake lower than mcg a day, that is the recommended amount for dietary reference intakes [ 18 ], was related to a higher OR for low bone mass. One limitation of the present study is the cross-sectional design that does not allow conclusions regarding the direction of cause and effect.

However, the results observed in our sample of Southern Brazilian postmenopausal women are consistent and in line to those reported in other populations. In postmenopausal women from Southern Brazil, with no clinical evidence of disease, time since menopause, low lean and fat mass were associated with low bone mass.

Further studies are needed in order to determine whether the adequate intake of specific food groups Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle the type of physical activity could Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle the aging and time since menopause impact on BMD. The funding sources were not involved in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the paper for publication.

Competing interests. TRS participated in the design of the study and was involved in the data collection and analysis, and drafted the article. RF and MAM were involved La buena dieta the data collection.

PMS conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, was involved in the data analysis and Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle to draft the manuscript.

All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Thaís R. Silva, Email: moc. Roberta Franz, Email: moc. Maria A. Maturana, Email: Osteoporosis diet and lifestyle. Poli M. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. BMC Endocr Disord.

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